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Title page for ETD etd-12072006-140845

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Jacquez, Farrah
Author's Email Address farrah.jacquez@gmail.com
URN etd-12072006-140845
Title Parenting as a mediator in the relation between poverty and depressive symptoms in children
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David Cole, PhD Committee Chair
Bruce Compas Committee Member
Judy Garber, PhD Committee Member
Steve Hollon Committee Member
  • Depression in children
  • parenting
  • poverty
  • Parent and child
Date of Defense 2006-08-30
Availability unrestricted
We utilized a racially and economically diverse sample in a cross-sectional lab-based study to investigate parenting as a mediator in the relation of poverty to depressive symptoms in children. 100 parent/child dyads participated in a puzzle interaction task and interviews of depressive symptoms. Path analysis was used to test mediation models with 3rd and 5th graders separately. In all models, income-to-needs ratio was significantly negatively related to hostile and intrusive parenting and significantly positively related to parenting that was warm and encouraged independence. Evidence for the mediation model was mixed. Significant indirect paths indicated that among 3rd graders, poverty was associated with higher levels of hostility in parents, which in turn was associated with higher levels of self-reported depression in children. In addition, poverty was associated with lower levels of warmth in parents, which in turn was associated with higher levels of parent-reported depression in 3rd graders.
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