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Title page for ETD etd-07152016-115623


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Nick, Elizabeth Ann
Author's Email Address elizabeth.a.nick@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-07152016-115623
Title The Online Social Support Scale: Exploratory Factor Analysis, Validation, and Effects on Psychosocial Outcomes
Degree Master of Science
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David A. Cole Committee Member
Nina C. Martin Committee Member
Keywords
  • depression
  • self esteem
  • subtypes
  • social support
  • social media
  • online
Date of Defense 2016-07-12
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The Internet provides a new arena in which social support operates. After surveying the in-person literature, we created the Online Social Support Scale, which measures four kinds of social support online: esteem/emotional, social companionship, informational, and instrumental. Results of exploratory factor analysis and tests of internal consistency, discriminant validity, and convergent validity with 404 United States adults were acceptable. Further analyses including stressors suggest online social support has ameliorative effects similar to but smaller than in-person social support on self-esteem and depressive outcomes. The current study suggests online spaces may be important and impactful sources of social support, especially as use of these spaces continues to grow.
Files
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