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Title page for ETD etd-07052012-082855

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Samson, Jennifer Esther Glassman
URN etd-07052012-082855
Title Children's Reasoning about Peers' and Teachers' Intentions
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Bethany Rittle-Johnson Committee Co-Chair
Joseph Wehby Committee Co-Chair
Bahr Weiss Committee Member
David Cordray Committee Member
Kathy Hoover-Dempsey Committee Member
  • children
  • hostile attribution bias
  • aggression
Date of Defense 2012-06-19
Availability unrestricted
Hostile attribution bias (HAB) has been shown to predict aggressive behavior, especially towards peers. The current study examined whether a) this relationship is supported within an hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) framework, b) whether this relationship extends from aggression towards peers to conflict in relationships with peers and teachers, and c) whether HAB towards teachers versus towards peers differentially predicted conflict in relationships with teachers and peers. Results from 282 2nd to 4th grade boys in 74 classrooms a) supported the relationship between HAB and aggression, b) supported a relationship between HAB towards peers and conflict with peers and between HAB towards teachers and conflict with teachers, and c) revealed that, contrary to hypothesis, HAB towards teachers was an important predictor of conflict with both peers and teachers. These results support theory that HAB is related to broader relationship qualities (rather than just to aggression) and suggest that HAB towards teachers should be examined as a potential indicator of difficulties in both peer and teacher relationships.
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