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Title page for ETD etd-04212016-124810


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Myers, Megan Jeanette
URN etd-04212016-124810
Title Re-Mapping Hispaniola: Haiti in Dominican and Dominican American Literature
Degree PhD
Department Spanish and Portuguese
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Dr. William Luis Committee Chair
Dr. Benigno Trigo Committee Member
Dr. Lorraine Lopez Committee Member
Dr. Ruth Hill Committee Member
Keywords
  • 1937 Haitian Massacre
  • Borders
  • Citizenship
  • Identity
  • Heterotopia
  • Gloria Anzaldúa
  • Race
  • Haiti
  • Dominican Republic
  • Hispaniola
  • Caribbean Literature
  • Latin American Literature
  • Latino/a Literature
Date of Defense 2016-04-15
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This dissertation illustrates how an understanding of Haiti in Dominican literature of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries beyond the negative, stereotypical literary conception linked to Dominican negrophobia and anti-Haitianism is key to understanding why Dominicans today are re-envisioning their complex racial and ethnic identities, built on centuries of politically disseminated myths. The work endeavors to uncover the literary evidence of Dominican and Dominican American writers such as Ramón Marrero Aristy, Freddy Prestol Castillo, Marcio Veloz Maggiolo, Julia Alvarez, and Junot Díaz positively representing Haiti and its people across time and geographic restraints. The project also takes into account how other Caribbean and Latin American authors, namely Alejo Carpentier, Manuel Zapata Olivella, and Mario Vargas Llosa, have represented Haiti and Hispaniola. The use of border theory is key to approaching the literary works alternatively representing the Haitian subject and my recognition of

the border as both cultural signifier and analytic tool reflects on the important work of Gloria Anzaldúa. The dissertation uses Anzaldúa’s border theory, centered on the ideological Border, to re-focus the Dominican Republic-Haiti argument by deciphering how literature re-writes Hispaniola’s history and resists the dominant, patriarchal discourse surrounding Dominican culture and identity.

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