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Title page for ETD etd-04132017-105246

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Prussien, Kemar Vanina
Author's Email Address Kemar.v.prussien@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-04132017-105246
Title Cognitive Functioning, Coping, and Emotional Distress in Children with Sickle Cell Disease
Degree Master of Science
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Bruce E. Compas Committee Member
Sarah Jaser Committee Member
  • pediatric
  • depressive symptoms
  • cognitive function
  • coping
  • sickle cell disease
Date of Defense 2016-12-05
Availability unrestricted
Sickle cell disease is a chronic lifelong illness that affects 1 in 400 to 500 African Americans in the United States. In addition to being at increased risk for cognitive deficits, children with sickle cell disease may also be at greater risk for emotional distress. The current study investigates the relationship between cognitive functioning, coping, and emotional distress in children and adolescents with SCD. Forty-seven children with sickle cell disease completed cognitive assessments assessing working memory and verbal comprehension, and their parents completed questionnaires that reported on child coping and emotional distress. Results showed that verbal comprehension was significantly associated with secondary control coping. Both working memory and secondary control coping were associated with depressive symptoms. Further analyses showed that verbal comprehension had an indirect association with depressive symptoms through secondary control coping, whereas working memory only had a direct association with depressive symptoms. The implication of these findings are discussed.
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