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Title page for ETD etd-04092019-121759

Type of Document Dissertation
Author Rhoads, Carlie Renee
Author's Email Address carlie.r.rhoads@gmail.com
URN etd-04092019-121759
Title Using E-mail as Performance Feedback to Teach Paraprofessionals to Implement Constant Time Delay with Braille Words
Degree PhD
Department Special Education
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Erik Carter Committee Chair
Erin Barton Committee Member
Jennifer Ledford Committee Member
Tiffany Wild Committee Member
  • e-mail feedback
  • performance feedback
  • constant time delay
  • braille literacy
  • visual impairments
Date of Defense 2019-03-15
Availability unrestricted
Paraprofessionals need support in successfully implementing literacy interventions to students with visual impairments. This study used a multiple-probe-across-participants design to evaluate the effectiveness of using performance feedback delivered by e-mail to increase paraprofessionals’ implementation of constant time delay to teach braille words. Participants were three dyads, each consisting of a paraprofessional and a student with a visual impairment. Paraprofessionals were given a brief training on how to implement constant time delay, and then supported with e-mail feedback. The addition of e-mail feedback increased their fidelity of implementation with the intervention of constant time delay. Implications are offered related to the use of e-mail feedback and directions for future research.
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