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Title page for ETD etd-04092013-224635

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Chresfield, Michell Rayshaun
Author's Email Address michell.chresfield@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-04092013-224635
Title The legible citizen: race making and classification in Jim Crow Louisiana, 1955-1965
Degree Master of Arts
Department History
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Sarah Igo Committee Chair
Daniel Sharfstein Committee Member
  • Jim Crow
  • racial classification
  • Louisiana
  • racial determination trials
  • passing
Date of Defense 2013-03-03
Availability unrestricted
This study examines three legal contests during the high tide of black freedom agitation, 1955-1965, in which citizens of Louisiana challenged the state Bureau of Health’s authority to make racial classifications. Through these cases, I argue that state bureaucrats rather than the judiciary and legislature emerged as a new arbiter of race by the mid-twentieth century; by making racial categorization part of vital information recording, Bureau administrators could gain a better understand of citizens while also helping to shape the very meaning of citizenship in a racialized sense; and that this latter development was obscured by the ubiquitous and seemingly race neutral methods of vital statistic collection. Together these cases enrich general narratives of the Jim Crow era which have tended to focus on the role of the judiciary and the legislature exclusively. Through the inclusion of state bureaucrats, this study illustrates how racial categorization has persisted in a climate that is both more fluid and more obscure than generally acknowledged.
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