A joint project of the Graduate School, Peabody College, and the Jean & Alexander Heard Library

Title page for ETD etd-03252008-102014

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Matthews, Percival Grant
Author's Email Address percival.g.matthews@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-03252008-102014
Title In Pursuit of Knowledge: Comparing Self-Explanations, Concepts, and Procedures as Pedagogical Tools
Degree Master of Science
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Bethany Rittle-Johnson Committee Chair
Georgene Troseth Committee Member
Thomas H. Carr Committee Member
  • procedural knowledge
  • conceptual knowledge
  • strategies
  • learning
  • self-explanation
  • Learning strategies -- Evaluation
  • Concepts -- Study and teaching (Elementary)
  • Mathematics -- Study and teaching (Elementary)
Date of Defense 2007-11-02
Availability unrestricted
Explaining new ideas to oneself can promote learning and transfer, but how and when such self-explanations are effective is unclear. This study investigated how instruction on concepts versus procedures affected the quality of self-explanations and subsequent learning outcomes for 2nd through 5th grade children when solving math equivalence problems (e.g. 7+3+9=7+_). Experiment 1 varied whether instruction was conceptual or procedural in nature, and Experiment 2 varied whether children were prompted to self-explain after conceptual instruction. Conceptual instruction led to higher quality explanations, greater conceptual knowledge gains and similar procedural knowledge gains compared to procedural instruction. No effect was found for the self-explanation manipulation. Results suggest conceptual instruction can be more efficient than procedural instruction and may improve knowledge enough to make self-explanation unnecessary.
  Filename       Size       Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds) 
 28.8 Modem   56K Modem   ISDN (64 Kb)   ISDN (128 Kb)   Higher-speed Access 
  Matthews_MA.pdf 686.92 Kb 00:03:10 00:01:38 00:01:25 00:00:42 00:00:03

Browse All Available ETDs by ( Author | Department )

If you have more questions or technical problems, please Contact LITS.