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Title page for ETD etd-12112009-181052


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Bell, Charleson Sherard
Author's Email Address charleson.s.bell@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-12112009-181052
Title A Label-Free Method for the Determination of Polyethylene-Glycol Functionalization Efficiency on Gold Monolayer Protected Clusters
Degree Master of Science
Department Biomedical Engineering
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Dr. Todd D. Giorgio, PhD Committee Chair
Dr. Hak-Joon Sung, PhD Committee Co-Chair
Keywords
  • nanopartide
  • nanotechnology
  • conjugation
Date of Defense 2009-12-15
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Most bionanotechnology-based agents require careful control of surface properties to improve vascular circulation time, control delivery characteristics and provide biocompatibility, especially when used for diagnostics or therapy. The number and type of protective and targeting ligands modulate the interactions of such bionanoparticles with living systems. A method for quantifying the number of ligands associated with the surface of a bionanoparticle would be a useful tool. Here, “label-free” methods of conjugate quantification are described. These approaches circumvent the potentially disadvantageous surface packing defects introduced by labels used in previous methods. Conjugated PEG-S ligands were quantified using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-AES). Normalized NMR and ICP-AES enumeration of conjugated ligands aligned with predictions based on a previously determined molecular footprint. The ligand packing density significantly decreases as available particulate surface area decreases for particle sizes from 100 nm to 5 nm. Steric hindrance and packing inefficiencies are presumed to decrease ligand binding per unit surface area for small particle diameters relative to larger particles. In addition, the packing density begins to become more constant for sizes ranging from 100 nm to 250 nm. PEG packing in this system is most efficient on particle diameters of approximately the erected length of the conjugated polymer. These results imply that the potential for maximizing bionanoparticulate effectiveness lies in the careful design and knowledge of the loading and packing profile of the protecting or targeting ligands that will be loaded on the desired particulate platform.
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