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Title page for ETD etd-12112008-103342


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Todd, James Jay
Author's Email Address j.jay.todd@gmail.com
URN etd-12112008-103342
Title The neural mechanisms of visual short-term memory capacity
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
René Marois Committee Chair
Daniel Levin Committee Member
Georgene Troseth Committee Member
Tim McNamara Committee Member
Keywords
  • maintenance
  • fmri
  • visual short-term memory
  • working memory
  • attention
  • consolidation
  • Short-term memory
  • Visual perception
  • Human information processing -- Physiological aspects
  • Parietal lobes -- Imaging
  • Brain -- Localization of functions
  • Attention -- Physiological aspects
Date of Defense 2008-12-02
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The amount of information that we can extract from a visual scene and maintain in visual short-term memory (VSTM) over a short period of time is severely limited. VSTM is capacity limited in terms of the rate of consolidating information into VSTM, as well as the total amount of information that can be maintained over time, but the neural correlates of these capacity-limited processes have not been determined. Using fMRI, this dissertation first isolates brain regions in parietal cortex that are sensitive to the amount of information maintained in VSTM. I then discuss the behavioral and neural implications of taxing VSTM maintenance. In the second half of this dissertation, I demonstrate how taxing VSTM consolidation can restrict our awareness of temporally proximate events. This is followed by a series of neuroimaging experiments that isolate a single brain region in occipital cortex whose activation amplitude tracks consolidation load, but which does not participate in maintenance. Finally, I present a study that isolates regions of parietal and frontal cortex sensitive to consolidation duration, and which provides neurobiological support for the role of consolidation in limiting how much information can be processed over a brief period of time. Together, the work presented herein provides insight into the neural mechanisms that may be largely responsible in limiting our conscious experience of events due to capacity limitations in VSTM.
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