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Title page for ETD etd-11282006-105601


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Stone, Jamie Lee
URN etd-11282006-105601
Title Measuring Engagement as a Moderator within an Expressive Writing Intervention for Smokers
Degree Master of Science
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David Schlundt Committee Member
David Zald Committee Member
Ken Wallston Committee Member
Pamel Fishel Ingram Committee Member
Keywords
  • Expressive Writing
  • Engagement
  • Smoking
  • Self-efficacy
  • Written communication -- Therapeutic use
Date of Defense 2006-10-10
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study explored engagement as a possible moderator of expressive writing within a sample of current cigarette smokers. Engagement was defined as a cognitive and emotional investment in the writing sessions and was measured subjectively by a 3-item self-report scale. Constructs within engagement were objectively measured via Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC). Subjective engagement (SE) was correlated with LIWC sub-dictionaries Cognitive Mechanisms (r = .34, p = .002), Insight (r = .44, p < .001), Causal (r = .25, p = .021), and Negative Emotion (r = .45, p < .001). No association between SE and change in cigarette consumption was found, but change in smoking cessation self-efficacy (SCSE) was significantly correlated with mean SE (r = .32, p = .040 and r = -.35, p = .033, for expressive and control writing conditions, respectively). Because SCSE has previously been found to have a positive correlation with decreased cigarette consumption, a moderated multiple regression was run and found SE to be a moderator of writing conditionís effect upon SCSE. The results of this study show promise that SE may be a moderator within the mechanism of expressive writing and that the measurement of SE may aide in the optimization of the intervention.
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