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Title page for ETD etd-11202015-115907

Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author McCollum, Andrea Lindsey
Author's Email Address andrea.l.mccollum@gmail.com
URN etd-11202015-115907

Lead Optimization for Discovery of Potent and Selective Dopamine Receptor D4 Antagonist

Degree Master of Science
Department Chemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Craig Lindsley Committee Chair
Gary Sulikowski Committee Member
Steve Townsend Committee Member
  • Medicinal chemistry
  • Dopamine receptor
  • Dopamine receptor antagonist
  • cocaine dependence
Date of Defense 2015-11-23
Availability unrestricted

Stimulant dependence is a prolonged relapsing condition that can be exhibited by reinstatement animal models. Dopamine D4 receptor antagonists are shown to interrupt drug seeking when induced by stress cues or introduction of the stimulant meaning the D4 receptor is a viable target for stimulant abuse, specifically cocaine dependence. Further evidence implicating D4 receptor is due to greater expression of D4 mRNA in regions of the forebrain associated with cocaine dependence. A selective and potent D4 antagonist, ML398, was shown to reverse cocaine-induced hyperlocomotion; issues surrounding metabolic stability and clearance of this molecule led to optimization efforts. With ML398 as a starting point, scaffolds were synthesized with substituted phenyl and pyridinyl groups with ether linkages to the morpholine core and rapidly analogued. The morpholine core was altered to a difluoropiperidine to combat issues with pharmacokinetic properties. Various difluoropiperidine scaffolds were prepared with electron donating and withdrawing groups around the phenyl ring and analogued. Withdrawing group substitution around the phenyl ring of the difluoropiperidine is well tolerated.

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