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Title page for ETD etd-09172008-122938


Type of Document Dissertation
Author LaGrange, Beth
URN etd-09172008-122938
Title Disentangling the Prospective Relations between Cognitive Style and Depressive Symptoms
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David A. Cole Committee Chair
Andrew Tomarken Committee Member
Bahr Weiss Committee Member
Kirsten Haman Committee Member
Keywords
  • children
  • cognitive style
  • depression
  • longitudinal
  • Cognitives styles in children -- Longitudinal studies
  • Depression in children -- Longitudinal studies
  • Depression in adolescence -- Longitudinal studies
Date of Defense 2008-07-24
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
To disentangle the relations between maladaptive cognitive style and depression, we tested simultaneously two different models of this relation: cognitive style predicting later depressive symptoms and depressive symptoms predicting later maladaptive cognitive style. The use of a prospective cohort-longitudinal design with a sample of children and adolescents spanning from grades 2 through 9 allowed us a unique opportunity to examine the inter-relations of these constructs while they were still in development. Further, we tested these hypotheses with a bivariate application of a trait-state-occasion model. The use of this model allowed us to separate the time-invariant aspects of depressive symptoms and cognition from the time-varying components, thus providing a better view of the prospective relations. We found strong evidence for the prediction of maladaptive cognitive style by prior depressive symptoms. We found no evidence to support the prediction of depressive symptoms by prior cognitive style. These findings have implications for improving the effectiveness of early intervention and prevention efforts.
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