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Title page for ETD etd-08172010-154539


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Ciesielski, Peter Nolan
Author's Email Address ciesielskienator@gmail.com
URN etd-08172010-154539
Title Photosystem I – Based Systems for Photoelectrochemical Energy Conversion
Degree PhD
Department Interdisciplinary Materials Science
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
G. Kane Jennings Committee Chair
David E. Cliffel Committee Co-Chair
Norman H. Tolk Committee Member
Paul E. Laibinis Committee Member
Sharon M. Weiss Committee Member
Keywords
  • bionanotechnology
  • electrochemistry
  • energy conversion
Date of Defense 2010-08-06
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This dissertation investigates the incorporation of Photosystem I (PSI), a supramolecular protein complex that participates in the light reactions of photosynthesis, into electrochemical systems intended for the conversion of photonic energy into chemical energy and electricity. First, I describe the fabrication of nanoporous gold leaf electrode films and detail the process by which they are decorated with PSI complexes. I further explain how the feature size of the substrate must be tuned such that the pores may accommodate multiple PSI complexes in order to produce enhanced photocurrent with respect to a planar electrode. Second, I develop a kinetic model for the photocatalytic effect produced by a monolayer of PSI on a planar electrode. I solve the resulting system of partial differential equations numerically and use the simulation to extract kinetic parameters from experimental data. Third, I describe the construction of stand-alone PSI-based photoelectrochemical cells, demonstrate their light transduction capabilities, and show that the devices continue to produce photocurrent for at least 9 months after their fabrication. Fourth, I present a method to deposit multilayer films of PSI by vacuum-assisted assembly. I characterize the resulting films optically and electrochemically and show that photocurrent production increases with thickness of the films. Furthermore, I demonstrate the largest photocurrent responses of the films are produced in response to irradiation by light of wavelengths that correspond to peaks in the films’ absorbance spectra. Finally, I offer general perspectives conclusions about the results presented herein and outline future directions in which this project may progress.
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