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Title page for ETD etd-07112011-080117


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Maxwell, Melissa A.
Author's Email Address melissa.maxwell@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-07112011-080117
Title Development and Initial Validation of Adolescent Responses to Body Dissatisfaction
Degree PhD
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David Cole, Ph.D. Committee Chair
Bruce Compas, Ph.D. Committee Member
David Schlundt, Ph.D. Committee Member
Tobi Fishel, Ph.D. Committee Member
Keywords
  • coping
  • measurement
  • eating disorders
  • depression
  • body dissatisfaction
  • stress
Date of Defense 2011-08-01
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
One community sample (N = 607) of youths generated self-reported responses to body dissatisfaction, from which the Adolescent Responses to Body Dissatisfaction (ARBD) inventory was constructed. A second similar sample (N = 830) completed this measure as well as measures of coping, body dissatisfaction, body mass index, depressive symptoms, and disordered eating behaviors. Evidence of seven ARBD factors emerged: Avoidant Responses, Distraction/Cognitive Shift, Focus on Weight Loss, Self-Affirmation, Lifestyle Strategies, Social Comparison, and Self-Presentation and Appearance Efforts. Subscales based on these factors provided evidence of convergent, discriminant, construct, and incremental validity. Sex and ethnic differences were also evident. The ARBD provides a window into potentially healthy and unhealthy ways in which adolescents cope with body dissatisfaction.
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