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Title page for ETD etd-06302006-133805


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Ao, Mingfang
URN etd-06302006-133805
Title TGF-beta signaling in stromal contribution to prostate cancer progression
Degree PhD
Department Cancer Biology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Simon W Hayward Committee Chair
Albert B Reynolds Committee Member
Carlos L Arteaga Committee Member
Robert J Matusik Committee Member
Stephen R Hann Committee Member
Keywords
  • interaction
  • stroma
  • prostate cancer
  • TGF-beta
  • epithelia
  • Transforming growth factors-beta
  • Carcinogenesis
Date of Defense 2006-05-08
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Contribution of stromal TGF-b to prostate cancer progression

Human prostate carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAF) induce malignant transformation in an initiated but non-malignant human prostatic epithelial cell line (BPH1). This study elucidates the interplay between TGF-b and CXCL12/SDF1 in tumorigenesis. Both TGFb and CXCL12 are elevated in CAF. The CXCL12 receptor, CXCR4, is not expressed in benign prostate tissue or in BPH1 cells in culture. In tissue recombinants with benign rat urogenital sinus mesenchyme (rUGM) epithelial CXCR4 titers are low, expression of the receptor is markedly upregulated by CAF mirroring findings in human prostate cancer progression. TGFb induces expression of CXCR4 in the epithelium. Loss of either TGFb signaling or CXCR4 expression abrogates the tumorigenic response to CAF. The present study also examines the effects of TGF-b on the non-tumorigenic human prostatic epithelial cell line BPH1 and on three derivatives tumorigenic sublines BPH1CAFTD-1, -3 and -5. The data demonstrate that TGF-b has different effects on the non-tumorigenic and tumorigenic cells. The non-tumorigenic cells are growth inhibited by TGF-b. In contrast the tumorigenic sub-lines are not growth inhibited but instead undergo an epithelial to mesenchymal transformation (EMT) in response to TGF-b. In vivo, tumorigenic cells with constitutively active TGF-b signaling show increased invasion with EMTs, which express vimentin, located specifically at the invasive front of the tumor. These data indicate that following malignant transformation TGF-b can play a direct role in promoting prostatic cancer and further that these responses are context specific in vivo.

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