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Title page for ETD etd-06162010-100830


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Davis, Dennis S
URN etd-06162010-100830
Title A Meta-Analysis of Comprehension Strategy Instruction for Upper Elementary and Middle School Students
Degree PhD
Department Learning, Teaching and Diversity
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Carin Neitzel Committee Chair
Bridget Dalton Committee Member
David Dickinson Committee Member
Mark Lipsey Committee Member
Robert Jiménez Committee Member
Keywords
  • reading comprehension
  • reading instruction
  • metacognition
  • cognitive strategies
  • self-regulated learning
  • metacognitive strategies
  • multiple comprehension strategies instruction
Date of Defense 2010-05-26
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study synthesizes what is known about strategic reading pedagogy through a meta-analysis of research on multiple comprehension strategies instruction (MCSI) for young adolescents in grades 4-8. The average effect of MCSI on reading comprehension was found to be 0.36 (p<0.01) for standardized measures and 0.55 (p<0.01) for non-standardized measures. For measures of studentsí knowledge of strategies and their ability to use strategies while reading, the average effect sizes were 0.73 (p<0.01) and 0.77 (p<0.01), respectively. MCSI had positive effects on achievement for a variety of student populations. Effects for all four outcomes varied significantly across studies, which justified the need for moderator analyses to identify factors that strengthen and weaken the impact of MCSI on student achievement. Several characteristics of the content and pedagogical methods used in MCSI had marginally significant relationships to treatment effectiveness after accounting for methodological and sample characteristics. The findings of this study update and expand previous reviews of research on comprehension instruction and provide recommendations for classroom practice and future research in this area.
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