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Title page for ETD etd-05222008-164304


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Knutson, Sarah Kathleen
URN etd-05222008-164304
Title In vivo characterization of the role of histone deacetylase 3 in metabolic and transcriptional regulation
Degree PhD
Department Biochemistry
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Professor Scott Hiebert Committee Chair
Professor Andrew Link Committee Member
Professor Bruce Carter Committee Member
Professor Jennifer Pietenpol Committee Member
Professor Zu-Wen Sun Committee Member
Keywords
  • mouse model
  • liver
  • RUNX1
  • cancer
  • Histone deacetylase
  • Transcription factors -- Pathophysiology
  • Hematopoietic system
Date of Defense 2008-05-16
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is the enzymatic component of transcriptional repression complexes recruited by the nuclear hormone receptors. Inactivation of HDAC3 in cancer cell lines triggered apoptosis, and removal of Hdac3 in the germ-line of mice caused embryonic lethality. HDAC3 binding sites within the hematopoietic transcription factor RUNX1 were required for RUNX1-mediated gene repression. Therefore, Hdac3 was conditionally deleted in the postnatal mouse hematopoietic system (Mx:Hdac3). The Mx:Hdac3 mice had increased numbers of double positive (c-Kit+/Sca+) hematopoietic stem cells, yet these progenitor cells not able to survive or proliferate in a colony forming assay. Mx:Hdac3 mice also developed reversible liver hypertrophy, so Hdac3 was constitutively deleted in the liver (Alb:Hdac3). The Alb:Hdac3 mice also developed hepatomegaly, which was the result of hepatocyte hypertrophy. These morphological changes coincided with significant imbalances between carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Liver-specific deletion of Hdac3 triggered changes in gene expression consistent with inactivation of repression mediated by nuclear hormone receptors. Loss of Hdac3 also increased the levels of Pparã2, and treatment of these mice with a PPARã antagonist partially reversed the lipid accumulation in the liver. In addition, gene expression analysis identified mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling as being activated after deletion of Hdac3, and inhibition by rapamycin affected the accumulation of neutral lipids in the Hdac3-null livers. As the Alb:Hdac3 mice aged, accumulation of endogenous DNA damage and disrupted metabolism most likely contributed to the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-like symptoms, and ultimately, hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, Hdac3 plays a critical role in mediating normal cellular homeostasis in both the adult hematopoietic system and liver, as demonstrated by the Mx:Hdac3 and Alb:Hdac3 conditional deletion models.
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  01TitlePage.pdf 159.19 Kb 00:00:44 00:00:22 00:00:19 00:00:09 < 00:00:01
  02ChapterI.pdf 3.58 Mb 00:16:34 00:08:31 00:07:27 00:03:43 00:00:19
  03ChapterII.pdf 236.99 Kb 00:01:05 00:00:33 00:00:29 00:00:14 00:00:01
  04ChapterIII.pdf 2.05 Mb 00:09:30 00:04:53 00:04:16 00:02:08 00:00:10
  05ChapterIVs.pdf 1.17 Mb 00:05:24 00:02:47 00:02:26 00:01:13 00:00:06
  06ChapterVs.pdf 2.41 Mb 00:11:08 00:05:43 00:05:00 00:02:30 00:00:12
  07ChapterVIRefs.pdf 623.53 Kb 00:02:53 00:01:29 00:01:17 00:00:38 00:00:03

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