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Title page for ETD etd-04042011-235620


Type of Document Master's Thesis
Author Towner, Courtney Danielle
URN etd-04042011-235620
Title The Importance of Place in Predicting Differences in Depressive Symptoms
Degree Master of Arts
Department Psychology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David Schlundt Committee Member
Keywords
  • CES-D
  • HLM
  • SCCS
  • Depressive Symptoms
Date of Defense 2011-05-07
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
This study is concerned with understanding how predictors of depressive symptoms vary across place. The cross-sectional study utilized Southern Community Cohort Study (SCCS) and US census data to create Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) with two levels. Level 1 was individual differences and level 2 was place. The HLM models evaluated levels of depressive symptoms indicated by a composite CES-D score. The intercepts as outcomes model was significant for two place factors, Stable Suburban and Black Single Mother Headed Households. The slopes as outcomes model was significant for Black, Social Support, Unemployed, SleepLinear, SleepQuad, and Smoke Now. Results from this study indicate that depressive symptoms do vary among place and certain individual characteristics within places are more important as predictors of higher depressive symptoms.
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