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Title page for ETD etd-03312008-182826


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Garbarini, Nicole Jodela
URN etd-03312008-182826
Title Regulation of the neuronal K+-Cl- cotransporter KCC2 by protein associated with MYC
Degree PhD
Department Neuroscience
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Randy Blakely Committee Chair
Anne Kenworthy Committee Member
Bih-Hwa Shieh Committee Member
Eric Delpire Committee Member
Louis DeFelice Committee Member
Keywords
  • Carrier proteins -- Molecular aspects
  • Protein-protein interactions
  • chloride
  • cotransport
  • KCC2
  • PAM
  • PHR1
  • RCC1
  • Chlorides -- Physiological transport
  • Nerve tissue proteins -- Molecular aspects
Date of Defense 2008-01-23
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
The neuron-specific electroneutral potassium (K+) and chloride (Cl-) cotransporter, KCC2, is a key regulator of neuronal Cl-. KCC2 has been shown to play a critical role in controlling neuronal excitability, yet little is known about its regulation. Protein-protein interactions are generally well known to provide insight into membrane transporter regulation. Therefore, I have chosen to identify novel KCC2 protein-protein interactions, with the goal of studying how these interactions affect KCC2 activity.

I performed a yeast-two hybrid screen of a mouse brain cDNA library and identified several novel binding partners of the carboxyl terminus of KCC2 (KCC2-CT). One of these identified binding partners is Protein Associated with Myc, or PAM. Binding between KCC2 and the RCC1 domain of PAM (RCC1/PAM) was demonstrated using yeast two-hybrid, GST-pull-down assay, and coimmunoprecipitation. In order to study the functional role of PAM binding to KCC2, I identified the binding site of RCC1/PAM on the KCC2-CT, and within this site created a point mutant which disrupts RCC1/PAM binding. This point mutation was then transferred into full-length KCC2 and compared with wild-type KCC2 in 86Rb+/K+ uptake experiments to assess differences in transport activity. These flux experiments, along with experiments to measure changes in RNA and protein levels, lead to the conclusion that PAM binding to KCC2 does not primarily affect K-Cl transport by altering cell-surface expression of the cotransporter. Rather, PAM binding to the carboxyl terminus of KCC2 likely participates in the net dephosphorylation of KCC2, which in turn leads to activation of KCC2-mediated ion transport.

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