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Title page for ETD etd-03302009-074605


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Solodkow, David Mauricio
Author's Email Address david.m.solodkow@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-03302009-074605
Title Colonial ethnographers: writing, alterity and Eurocentrism in the conquest of America
Degree PhD
Department Spanish
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Carlos.a.jauregui Committee Chair
Benigno Trigo Committee Member
Edward F. Fischer Committee Member
Edward.h.friedman Committee Member
Keywords
  • ethnography
  • modernity
  • alterity
  • representation
  • colonialism
Date of Defense 2008-12-15
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
In my dissertation I analyze the discursive construction of cultural identities during the first century of European colonial occupation in the Americas. In order to do so, I explore a broad variety of colonial discourses using a conceptual reading tool I designate ethnographic writing. This concept describes representational devices such as stereotypes, tropes, and analogies whose primary function is the religious, political, and ideological creation of cultural differences. Given the variety of the written material covered in the study—travel logs, juridical documents, religious chronicles, literary texts—I use an interdisciplinary approach which combines the theoretical tools of historiography, anthropology, cultural and literary theory, and discourse analysis. It is my contention that ethnographic writing creates a discursive matrix that articulates: 1) knowledge about the “savage;” and 2) the invention of new social and racial subjectivities. I assert that ethnographic writing has political effects of power and knowledge that affected, in a direct way, the culture and lives of the American “Others.” Therefore, to read ethnographic writing is also to read the strategies of colonial domination and the violence embodied in Eurocentric representations. My dissertation, through the analysis and interpretation of conceptual procedures such as social classifications, erection of cultural similarities and differences, and the invention of moral and religious dichotomies, contributes to the existing theorization of racism, colonialism, and ethnocentrism in Latin American literature. It is through the deconstruction of these ethnographic discourses that I propose a cultural critique and a re-evaluation of colonialism.
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