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Title page for ETD etd-03292005-163659


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Werdich, Xiang Qi
Author's Email Address xiang.qi@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-03292005-163659
Title Characterization of Src family kinases as potential targets for intervention in vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated retinal neovascularization
Degree PhD
Department Cell and Developmental Biology
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
David M. Miller Committee Chair
Ann Richmond Committee Member
Franco M. Recchia Committee Member
Jin Chen Committee Member
John S. Penn Committee Member
Keywords
  • signal transduction
  • RNA interference
  • retinal ischemia
  • cellular function
  • receptor
Date of Defense 2005-02-28
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Hypoxia inducible vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a major role in initiation and regulation of retinal neovascularization, which is the leading cause of severe vision loss and irreversible blindness in developed countries. Src family kinases (SFKs) are involved in a broad spectrum of cellular events. However, their roles in VEGF-mediated pathological retinal angiogenesis are completely unknown. My investigation showed that in vitro SFKs were essential for hypoxia-induced VEGF expression in retinal glial Müller cells, a major source of VEGF secretion during the pathogenesis of retinopathy, and for VEGF signaling in retinal microvascular endothelial cells (RMECs). However, neither process required phosphorylation of the SFK activation loop Tyr416. In addition, in RMECs, coexpressed SFK members Src, Fyn and Yes each displayed distinct properties in the regulation of VEGF-mediated cell events. All three kinases were required for VEGF mitogenic signaling. VEGF-induced cell migration was significantly increased in Fyn-deficient cells and decreased in Yes-deficient cells. Interference of Fyn, but not Src or Yes, impaired VEGF-induced tube formation in RMECs. In vivo, in a rat model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), I found that a significant increase of SFK Tyr416 phosphorylation was specifically associated with pathological retinal angiogenesis, but not with physiological intraretinal vascularizaion. Müller cells were the source of the elevated phospho-SFK Tyr416 signal. VEGF expression was also highly increased in these OIR retinas. Intravitreous injection of a selective SFK inhibitor (PP2) significantly reduced retinopathy. These findings indicate that aberrant SFK signaling may be an important factor in the pathogenesis of retinal neovascularization. Increased SFK activity or individual SFK member(s) are potential targets for therapeutic intervention in VEGF-mediated retinopathy.
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