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Title page for ETD etd-03282011-141300


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Dexheimer, Judith Wehling
URN etd-03282011-141300
Title Design and implementation of a computerized asthma management system in the pediatric emergency department
Degree PhD
Department Biomedical Informatics
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Dominik Aronsky Committee Chair
Donald H Arnold Committee Member
Kevin B Johnson Committee Member
Neal Patel Committee Member
Yu Shyr Committee Member
Keywords
  • emergency department
  • pediatrics
  • computerized decision support systems
  • medical informatics
  • asthma
  • bayesian network
Date of Defense 2011-03-03
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
Pediatric asthma exacerbations account for >1.8 million ED visits annually. Guidelines can decrease variability in asthma treatment and improve clinical outcomes; however, guideline adherence is inadequate. We evaluated a computerized asthma detection system based upon the NHLBI guidelines and evidence-based practice to improve care in a pediatric ED in a two phase study. Phase I looked at using an automatic disease detection system to identify eligible patients and then printing the paper-based guideline. Phase II implemented a fully computerized asthma management system. Although the time to disposition decision was not statistically significant, we believe this management system to be a sustainable computerized management system to help standardize asthma care. The computerized asthma management system represents a work-flow oriented, sustainable approach in a challenging environment.
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