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Title page for ETD etd-02152008-155534


Type of Document Dissertation
Author Couppis, Maria Helena
Author's Email Address maria.h.couppis@vanderbilt.edu
URN etd-02152008-155534
Title Dopamine and the positively reinforcing properties of aggression
Degree PhD
Department Neuroscience
Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title
Vivien A. Casagrande Committee Chair
Ariel Deutch Committee Member
Craig H. Kennedy Committee Member
Joseph Wehby Committee Member
Keywords
  • behavior analysis
  • Doampine -- Physiological effect
  • aggression
  • prefrontal cortex
  • reward
  • nucleus accumbens
  • positive reinforcement
  • Reinforcement (Psychology)
  • Aggressiveness -- Physiological aspects
Date of Defense 2007-12-03
Availability unrestricted
Abstract
DOPAMINE AND THE POSITIVELY REINFORCING PROPERTIES OF AGGRESSION

MARIA H. COUPPIS

Dissertation under the direction of Professor Craig H. Kennedy

Aggression is a necessary behavioral response aimed at securing survival. However, when aggressive topographies exceed species typical norms, they become pathological and problematic to society. It has been hypothesized that aggression may be positively reinforcing and that these positively reinforcing characteristics are modulated by mesocorticolimbic dopamine systems. In order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the rewarding properties of aggression and their biological substrates, a series of experiments were conducted to address the questions: 1) Is aggression positively reinforcing? If so, what part of the aggressive encounter serves as the positively reinforcing event? 2) Do DA1/5 and/or DA2/3 receptors in the NAC mediate access to aggression as positive reinforcement in mice? and 3) Are there any endogenous differences between aggressive and non-aggressive individuals? It was concluded from these experiments that physical aggression can be positively reinforcing, that these positively reinforcing properties are modulated by mesocorticolimbic dopamine and that there are endogenous differences in mesocorticolimbic dopamine systems between aggressive and non-aggressive individuals.

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